Artifacts of Christian Nubia Revealed

Treasures of the Nubian desert unveiled to the public in a unique showing.

Thanks to the efforts of Polish archaeologists and a massive UNESCO-led international campaign, a unique assemblage of Nubian art and cultural artifacts from the Christian period (ca. mid-6th-14th centuries) was uncovered. Working under the direction of Prof Kazimierz Michałowski in the ancient city of Faras near the present-day Sudanese-Egyptian border, the team discovered well-preserved ruins of an 8th-century cathedral church. Its walls were decorated with magnificent mural paintings on religious themes, dating from the 8th-14th centuries. The discovery was hailed as the ‘miracle of Faras’. Over 120 paintings were preserved, 67 of which are today in the collection of the National Museum in Warsaw. This collection is accompanied by other finds from Faras. Together they form what is the largest and most valuable collection of archaeological artifacts from overseas excavations that has ever been acquired by a Polish museum.

Now, following an extensive redevelopment, the National Museum in Warsaw’s new Professor Kazimierz Michałowski Faras Gallery will open to the public on October 18, showcasing the finds. This makes the Faras Gallery home to Europe’s only display of Nubian art and cultural artifacts from the Christian period (ca. mid-6th-14th centuries). In a modern design, using multimedia presentations, including 3D film, it will present the most exquisite treasures of a civilization that developed some 1,500 years ago in what is today’s northern Sudan. The opening ceremony will be held under the patronage of UNESCO. It will also be the only place in the world outside Khartoum where paintings of Christian-era Nubian art are on view. The depictions of saints, archangels and Nubian bishops are originally from a cathedral church in Faras (formerly Pachoras), a city that was an important administrative and cultural center of the medieval African kingdom of Nobadia in the Nile Valley.


234051ARCHANGEL  Sudan, Faras, 9th c. – 1st quarter of the 10th c. AD  Mud plaster, tempera; From Polish excavations in Faras, in the National Museum in Warsaw since 1964


234013VIRGIN MARY WITH CHILD  Sudan, Faras, 9th c. – 1st half of 10th c. AD  Mud plaster, tempera; h. 146; w. 130.5  From Polish excavations in Faras, in the National Museum in Warsaw since 1964


234031BISHOP PETROS WITH SAINT PETER  Sudan, Faras, AD 974–997  Mud plaster, tempera; h. 244.5, w. 113  From Polish excavations in Faras, in the National Museum in Warsaw since 1964


234036BISHOP MARIANOS WITH VIRGIN MARY WITH CHILD AND CHRIST  Sudan, Faras, AD 1005–1036  Mud plaster, tempera; h. 247, w. 155.5  From Polish excavations in Faras, in the National Museum in Warsaw since 1964


234081FRAGMENTS OF THE FRIEZE FROM THE APSE OF THE FIRST CATHEDRAL  Block decorated with relief representation of birds, altars and columns.  Sudan, Faras, 1st quarter of the 7th c. AD  Sandstone;  h. 24, l. 41  From Polish excavations in Faras, in the National Museum in Warsaw since 1964

The priceless works will be presented according to a new exhibition scenario. A room designed to evoke a temple interior will present the wall paintings in an arrangement similar to their original one at the Faras cathedral, with the sound of authentic Coptic liturgical chants heightening the experience for visitors. In a dedicated space, with special consideration for handicapped patrons, multimedia presentations will allow viewers to learn about the history of Christian Nubia, its architecture, the cathedral paintings and their interesting iconography. A digital reconstruction of the cathedral interior in 3D stereoscopy offers the first opportunity to enter a Nubian church in more than 1,000 years. State-of-the-art digital renderings will show the presbytery, the aisles, the chapels and the vestibule, explaining the original location of the paintings as they covered the church’s walls for centuries. The film shows not only works from the National Museum in Warsaw but also those kept at the National Museum of Sudan in Khartoum. The exhibition will be accompanied by presentations of archaeological films and archival photographs from the 1960s excavations.

“Our goal was to recreate, using simple and, in a way, timeless architectural solutions, the mood of the historical sacral interior of an early Christian temple. We were also keen to avoid literal references to the architecture of the Faras cathedral,” said Mirosław Orzechowski and Grzegorz Rytel, architects and authors of the new exhibition design.

So extensive a redevelopment would not have been possible without unprecedented support from a private individual – the Donor of the New Faras Gallery.

Just as with temporary exhibitions, the opening of the new Faras Gallery will be accompanied by an extensive program of educational events: Thursday evening meetings, family workshops, film screenings. Renowned archaeologists, lecturers, conservators and researchers will speak about the successes of Polish archaeology.

The Opening of the Faras Gallery is under UNESCO’s honorary patronage.


The Nubian Campaign has become a strong symbol of UNESCO’s successful efforts to mobilize joint, high-profile international action for the protection of humanity’s common heritage. This Campaign led to the adoption of UNESCO’s World Heritage Convention in 1972 (Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO).

Exhibition content concept: Bożena Mierzejewska, Collection of Ancient and Eastern Christian Art

Exhibition design: Mirosław Orzechowski, Grzegorz Rytel

Curator of Collection of Ancient and Eastern Christian Art: Alfred Twardecki

News source: Adapted and edited from a National Museum in Warsaw press release


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